7 Foods to Avoid While Breastfeeding

As a new mom, you may have heard that breastfeeding is not only the most recommended method to nourish your baby but also has numerous benefits for both you and your little one. However, it's important to recognize that what you eat can directly impact the quality and composition of your breast milk, which in turn affects your baby's health and well-being.


When you breastfeed, your body breaks down the nutrients from the foods you consume to produce breast milk. This means that the types of foods you choose to include in your diet can have a significant impact on the nutritional value and taste of your milk. Therefore, paying attention to what you eat while breastfeeding is crucial for ensuring that your baby receives all the necessary nutrients and develops a healthy relationship with food from an early age.

In this blog, we will dive deeper into the topic of foods to avoid while breastfeeding. By understanding which foods may cause discomfort or have potential allergenic properties, you can make informed choices to support your baby's optimal health and well-being. So, join us as we explore the importance of a well-balanced diet during breastfeeding and learn how to make the best choices for you and your little one.

First things first, let's talk about the good stuff. When you're breastfeeding, your body requires extra energy and nutrients to produce milk for your little one. This means that you should follow a healthy and balanced diet that includes all the necessary food groups - grains, fruits, vegetables, proteins, and dairy.

Here are some examples of foods that you can eat while breastfeeding:

  • Whole grains like brown rice, oatmeal, whole-wheat bread
  • Fruits such as apples, bananas, berries
  • Vegetables like leafy greens, carrots, sweet potatoes
  • Lean protein sources like chicken, fish, beans
  • Dairy products like milk, yogurt, cheese

It's really important to drink plenty of water and stay hydrated throughout the day. This not only helps with milk production for nursing moms but also prevents dehydration, which can have negative effects on your overall health. By making sure you're getting enough fluids, you can keep your body functioning well and create a healthy environment for both you and your little one.

What Foods Should You Avoid While Breastfeeding?

Now let's get to the main topic - foods to avoid while breastfeeding. The general rule is that you should avoid consuming anything that can harm your baby or affect your milk supply. Here are some of the foods that you should steer clear of:

Caffeine: This may come as a surprise, but caffeine can pass into your breast milk and make your baby fussy or irritable. It's best to limit your intake of coffee, soda, energy drinks, and other caffeinated beverages. This doesn't mean you have to give up coffee, but be mindful of how much you are consuming.

Alcohol: The safest option for breastfeeding mothers is to abstain from consuming alcohol. However, some mothers may choose to consume moderate amounts (up to 1 standard drink per day). Many healthcare professionals state that this is not known to be harmful to the infant, especially if the mother waits at least 2 hours after a single drink before nursing. It is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional or refer to healthcare guidelines before consuming alcohol.

Spicy foods: If you're a fan of spicy food, you may want to tone it down a notch while breastfeeding. Spicy foods can cause gas and discomfort in your baby, making them fussy and cranky. It's best to avoid spicy foods and gradually introduce them back into your diet once your baby is older and their digestive system is more developed.

Certain fish: While fish is a great source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids, some types of fish can contain high levels of mercury which can be harmful to your baby's developing nervous system. Avoid eating swordfish, shark, king mackerel, and tilefish while breastfeeding.

Dairy products with cow's milk: If your baby has a cow's milk protein allergy or intolerance, you may need to avoid dairy products like milk, cheese, and yogurt. This can help prevent any negative reactions in your baby. However, if your baby does not have any issues with dairy, it is safe to consume these products in moderation.

Peanuts and tree nuts: If you have a family history of allergies, it's advised to avoid consuming peanuts and tree nuts while breastfeeding. Some studies have shown that consuming these foods while breastfeeding may increase the risk of developing allergies in your baby.

Citrus fruits: While citrus fruits are a great source of vitamin C, they can also cause acid reflux and diaper rash in some babies. If you notice any changes in your baby after consuming citrus fruits, it's best to avoid them for a while.

But don't worry, there are still plenty of delicious and nutritious foods you can enjoy while breastfeeding! Some great options include lean proteins like chicken and fish, whole grains like oatmeal and quinoa, fruits and vegetables high in vitamins and minerals, and healthy fats like avocados and olive oil.

Remember to also stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water throughout the day. And if you're ever unsure about a particular food, it's always best to consult with your doctor or a lactation specialist for personalised advice.

Breastfeeding and Nutrition FAQS

How often should you eat when breastfeeding?

When it comes to the frequency of meals while breastfeeding, there's no one-size-fits-all answer - everyone's body and metabolism is different. However, it's generally recommended to listen to your body and eat when you feel hungry. This could mean small, frequent meals throughout the day. An easy guideline to follow is to aim for three balanced meals along with two to three healthy snacks. Eating regularly not only keeps your energy levels steady but also ensures a continuous supply of nutrients for your milk production. But remember, these are just guidelines, and what matters most is that you're getting the nutrients and calories you need to stay healthy and care for your baby. Always consult your doctor or a nutritionist for the best advice tailored to your specific needs.

Is there a specific calorie target that breastfeeding mothers should aim for on a daily basis?

While there isn't a specific calorie target for breastfeeding mothers, it's important to ensure that you're eating enough to support both yourself and your baby. On average, breastfeeding women require an additional 500 calories per day compared to non-breastfeeding women. This can vary depending on factors such as your pre-pregnancy weight, activity level, and the amount of breast milk your baby consumes. It's crucial to listen to your body and eat when you're hungry, rather than focusing on a specific calorie count. The quality of the calories is also important - aim for nutrient-dense foods that will provide you with the necessary vitamins, minerals, and energy.

Now, let's delve into the types of foods that actually aid in milk production. It's commonly known as galactagogues, and they're foods reputed to boost your milk supply. Some of the most popular ones are:

  1. Oatmeal: Known for its health benefits, oatmeal is also believed to help stimulate milk production. It's a great breakfast option full of vital nutrients.
  2. Garlic: Mildly flavored, garlic is thought to enhance breast milk supply. It can be added to a wide array of dishes for a flavor boost.
  3. Spinach and Beet Leaves: These are rich in iron, calcium, and folic acid, which are great for nursing mothers.
  4. Almonds: They're known for their nutritional richness and are believed to boost milk production.
  5. Sesame seeds: These tiny seeds pack a punch when it comes to aiding milk supply. They're best enjoyed when ground and sprinkled in dishes.
  6. Turmeric: This golden spice is used in many cuisines and is also thought to help increase milk supply.

Here are a few of our favourite recipes for breastfeeding mamas:

  • Lactation cookies: A tasty treat that includes oats, almonds, and sesame seeds - all known for their milk production boosting qualities.
  • Spinach and beet leaves salad: A refreshing and nutritious salad that's perfect for a light lunch or dinner. It also includes garlic to give it an extra boost.
  • Oatmeal breakfast smoothie: A quick and easy breakfast option that's packed with oatmeal, almond milk, and turmeric to help kickstart your day.

Remember to incorporate these into your meals, but moderation is key. And as always, if you have any concerns about your milk supply, seek advice from a healthcare professional.

Will breastfeeding make me feel hungry?

Yes, breastfeeding can increase your appetite as you're burning more calories to produce milk for your little one. It's important to listen to your body and make sure you're eating enough nutrient-rich foods to support both yourself and your baby. However, it's also important to keep in mind that not all foods are safe or recommended while breastfeeding.

Breastfeeding is a uniquely rewarding experience, it also requires careful attention to your diet. Ensuring that you include nutrient-rich foods like oats, almonds, sesame seeds, and turmeric can help boost your milk supply. At the same time, it's essential to remember that not all foods are beneficial or safe during this phase. Always listen to your body, eat in moderation, and seek professional advice if you have any concerns about your diet or milk supply. Remember, you're not only nourishing yourself but also your little one. So, eat healthily, stay hydrated, and cherish this special bonding time with your baby.

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